What are the important events that happened on January 1? Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

January 1: Facts & Myths About This Day

January 1 is the 1st day of the year 2016 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 365 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

Under the Julian calendar, this day is December 19, 2015 – a Friday. Both day of the week are the same but did you notice the difference with the Gregorian calendar?

When this day started, 403,224 hours has elapsed since midnight of January 1, 1970 – the Unix epoch.

Strange as it may, if we name this day after a polygon then it will be called ‘henagon’ day.

Lovelife today Hey! How’s your lovelife today? Get a free love reading with the most frank answers. Start to seize love opportunities in your life! Did I mention it’s F-R-E-E? (Sponsored link; 18+ only)

Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 38 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

The ancient Maya civilization believes that the end of the world will happen on December 21, 2012. There are now 1,106 days since this fabled cataclysmic event.

My Birthday Ninja Birthday Facts Are you not curious to find out some fun facts about your birthday? Find out who shares my birthday and what was the number one song on your day of birth. (Sponsored link)

January 1: This Day In History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

January 1 Historical Events

  • 1806
    The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
  • 1812
    The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
  • 1877
    Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1894
    The Manchester Ship Canal, England, is officially opened to traffic.
  • 1934
    Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring”.
  • 1942
    The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1945
    World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne.
  • 1945
    World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major German offensive on the Western Front begins.
  • 1958
    The European Economic Community is established.
  • 1981
    Palau achieves self-government though it is not independent from the United States.

Who were born on January 1?

  • 1714
    Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
  • 1860
    Michele Lega, Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1935)
  • 1927
    Pat Heywood, Scottish actress
  • 1938
    Frank Langella, American actor
  • 1946
    Rick Hurst, American actor
  • 1967
    Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1967
    Gorsha Sur, Russian ice dancer
  • 1969
    Paul Lawrie, Scottish golfer
  • 1983
    Emi Kobayashi, Japanese model
  • 1985
    Eyjólfur Héðinsson, Icelandic professional footballer and model

Who died on January 1?

  • 1617
    Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (b. 1558)
  • 1921
    Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 1931
    Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  • 1957
    Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid
  • 1966
    Vincent Auriol, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1969
    Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
  • 1980
    Adolph Deutsch, American composer and arranger (b. 1897)
  • 1997
    Hagood Hardy, Canadian composer and musician (b. 1937)
  • 2007
    Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2008
    Harold Corsini, American photographer (b. 1919)

Share or Link to This Page:

Kindly keep the link back to this website. Thank you!