What are the important events that happened on January 1? Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

January 1: Facts & Myths About This Day

January 1 is the 1st day of the year 2017 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday.

Under the Julian calendar, this day is December 19, 2016 – a Sunday. Both day of the week are the same but did you notice the difference with the Gregorian calendar?

When this day started, 412,008 hours has elapsed since midnight of January 1, 1970 – the Unix epoch.

Strange as it may, if we name this day after a polygon then it will be called ‘henagon’ day.

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Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 27 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

The ancient Maya civilization believes that the end of the world will happen on December 21, 2012. There are now 1,472 days since this fabled cataclysmic event.

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January 1: This Day In History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

January 1 Historical Events

  • 1707
    John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1781
    American Revolutionary War: 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1877
    Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1928
    Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin’s secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
  • 1978
    The Constitution of the Northern Mariana Islands becomes effective.
  • 1997
    Zaire officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 1999
    The Euro currency is introduced in 11 countries - members of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).
  • 2002
    Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union’s member states.
  • 2002
    Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2012
    Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.

Who were born on January 1?

  • 1431
    Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
  • 1774
    André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1892
    Artur Rodziński, Croatian conductor (d. 1958)
  • 1906
    Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1936
    James Sinegal, American businessman
  • 1937
    Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1946
    Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1965
    Andrew Valmon, American athlete
  • 1967
    Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1979
    Brody Dalle, Australian singer (The Distillers)

Who died on January 1?

  • 404
    Saint Telemachus, Christian monk
  • 898
    Odo, Count of Paris (b. 860)
  • 1782
    Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
  • 1800
    Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1853
    Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1862
    Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1985
    Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
  • 1994
    Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 2005
    Shirley Chisholm, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2010
    Lhasa de Sela, Mexican-American singer (b. 1972)

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