What are the important events that happened on October 31? Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

October 31: Facts & Myths About This Day

October 31 is the 305th day of the year 2016 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 61 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday.

Under the Julian calendar, this day is October 18, 2016 – a Monday. Both day of the week are the same but did you notice the difference with the Gregorian calendar?

When this day started, 410,520 hours has elapsed since midnight of January 1, 1970 – the Unix epoch.

Strange as it may, if we name this day after a polygon then it will be called ‘trihectapentagon’ day.

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Scorpio is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Opal is the modern birthstone for this month. Jasper is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 89 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

The ancient Maya civilization believes that the end of the world will happen on December 21, 2012. There are now 1,410 days since this fabled cataclysmic event.

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October 31 Historical Events

  • 1587
    Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1863
    The Maori Wars resumes as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1913
    Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile road across United States.
  • 1940
    World War II: The Battle of Britain ends – the United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion.
  • 1941
    World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943
    World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • 1944
    Dr. jur. Erich Göstl, a member of the Waffen SS, is awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, to recognise extreme battlefield bravery, after losing his face and eyes during the Battle of Normandy.
  • 1984
    Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two security guards. Riots break out in New Delhi and nearly 10,000 Sikhs are killed.
  • 2000
    Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been continuously crewed since.
  • 2003
    Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.

Who were born on October 31?

  • 1345
    King Fernando I of Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1835
    Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1915
    Jane Jarvis, American jazz pianist (d. 2010)
  • 1937
    Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939
    Ali Farka Touré, Malian musician (d. 2008)
  • 1947
    Herman Van Rompuy, Belgian politician
  • 1952
    Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1975
    Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1981
    Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Pencey Prep)
  • 1982
    Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player

Who died on October 31?

  • 1448
    John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1723
    Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
  • 1744
    Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1884
    Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1918
    Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1946
    Gabriel Gabrio, French actor (b. 1887)
  • 1984
    Indira Gandhi, Indian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1985
    Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 2009
    Qian Xuesen, Chinese scientist (b. 1911)
  • 2009
    Tom Wheatcroft, English businessman (b. 1922)

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